About Assam ( Overview)

Assam is a state in northeastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra river and Barak Valley. It is well known as “Pragjyotishpura” in Mahabharata and “Kamapura” in Medieval times, Assam has a rich green land of rolling plains and dense forests. Assam is the gateway to the north eastern part of India. Assam is surrounded by the other northeastern states: Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura and Meghalaya. Assam along with these 6 states, together called the “seven sisters”. These states are connected to the rest of India via Assam’s border with West Bengal and a narrow strip called the “Chicken’s Neck.” Assam also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh. Its Geographical Area is 78,438 km² and has a population over 3,11,69,272. The mighty Brahmaputra River that has its origins in Tibet follows its majestic course through this state. Assam Map




Country  India
Statehood Attained15 August, 1947
Capital Dispur
Districts 33
Governor Jagdish Mukhi
Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal (BJP)
Legislature  Unicameral (126 seats)
Parliamentary constituency 14
High Court  Gauhati High Court
Total Area  78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi)
Area rank 17th in India
Total Population (2011 census) 31,205,576
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.598 (medium)
HDI rank 15th in India (2016)
Literacy  72.19% (19th in India)
Official languages  Assamese, Bodo and Bengali
State song O mor aponar dex
State motto Zoy ai axom
State Literary Society Axom Xahityo Xobha
State festival Bihu
State dance Bihu nas(Bihu dance)
State flower  Kopou phul(Foxtail Orchids)
State tree Hollong(Dipterocarpus macrocarpus)
State animal Gor (One horned rhinoceros)
State bird Deo haah (White winged wood duck)





Airports in Assam – 

  1. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport
  2. Mohanbari Airport- Dibrugarh
  3. Lilabari Airport- Lakhimpur
  4. Salonibari Airport- Tezpur
  5. Rowriah Airport- Jorhat
  6. Kumbhirgram Airport- Silchar.

Important National Parks of Assam

S. No.National ParksLocation (District)Area ( Sq Km)
1.        Dibru-Saikhowa National ParkDibrugarh & Tinsukia340.00
2.        Kaziranga National ParkGolaghat, Nagaon & Sonitpur858.00
3.        Manas national ParkChirang & Baksa500.00
4.        Nameri National ParkSonitpur200.00
5.        Rajiv Gandhi Orang National ParkDarrang and Sonitpur78.81

Important Dams in Assam

RiverDamHeightLengthTypeComplete
PagladiaPagladia26.2 m (86 ft)230 m (755 ft)Rock-fillUnder Construction
KopiliKhandong66 m (217 ft)243 m (797 ft)GravityCompleted
Umrong NalahUmrong30 m (98 ft)143 m (469 ft)GravityCompleted
SubansiriSubansiri Lower Dam116 m (381 ft)284 m (932 ft)GravityUnder Construction
Borpani RiverKarbi Langpi Dam35 m (115 ft)197 m (646 ft)GravityCompleted




Important Power Generation Plants in Assam

Sl. No.Project NameCapacity (MW)Energy SourcePlace
1Namrup Thermal Power Station (NTPS)119.5 MWGasNamrup, Dibrugarh
2Lakwa Thermal Power Station (LTPS)157.2 MWGasMaibella, Lakwa, Sivasagar
3Karbi Langpi Hydro Electric Project (KLHEP)100 MWHydroLengry, Amtereng, Boithalangso, Karbi Anglong
4Myntriang Hydro Electric Project (MSHEP)3 MWHydroLengry, Amtereng, Karbi Anglong

 



This Post Has 2 Comments

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